What is cardiac specialty?
The field includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure valvular heart disease and electrophysiology.
Heart disease is the biggest killer of both men and women. And both genders should heed this healthy advice: Don’t smoke, keep your blood pressure and cholesterol levels in check, and watch for the obvious and the more subtle warning signs your heart could be in trouble.
What are some types of heart surgery?
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) In CABG — the most common type of heart surgery — the surgeon takes a healthy artery or vein from elsewhere in your body and connects it to supply blood past the blocked coronary artery. The grafted artery or vein bypasses the blocked portion of the coronary artery, creating a new path for blood to flow to the heart muscle.
Heart valve repair or replacement Surgeons either repair the valve or replace it with an artificial valve or with a biological valve made from pig, cow or human heart tissue.
Insertion of a pacemaker or an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). Medicine is usually the first treatment option for arrhythmia, a condition in which the heart beats too fast, too slow or with an irregular rhythm. If medication does not work, a surgeon may implant a pacemaker under the skin of the chest or abdomen, with wires that connect it to the heart chambers.
Maze surgery. The surgeon creates a pattern of scar tissue within the upper chambers of the heart to redirect electrical signals along a controlled path to the lower heart chambers. The surgery blocks the stray electrical signals that cause atrial fibrillation — the most common type of serious arrhythmia.
Aneurysm repair A weak section of the artery or heart wall is replaced with a patch or graft to repair a balloon-like bulge in the artery or wall of the heart muscle.
Heart transplant The diseased heart is removed and replaced with a healthy heart from a deceased donor.
Insertion of a ventricular assist device (VAD) or total artificial heart (TAH). A VAD is a mechanical pump that supports heart function and blood flow. A TAH replaces the two lower chambers of the heart.
In addition to these surgeries, a minimally invasive alternative to open-heart surgery that is becoming more common is transcatheter structural heart surgery.
What is the recovery time?
Recovery time depends on the type of surgery you have, but for most types of heart surgery you are likely to spend a day or more in the hospital’s intensive care unit. Then you will be moved to another part of the hospital for several days until you go home.
We provide care in cardiac treatment and cardiac investigative services in Iran. Our cardiologists manage screening, preventive care, advanced diagnostic tests, invasive and non-invasive cases.
Our cardiologists specialise in medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, vascular heart diseases and cardiac rehabilitation services to get you back on your feet and into your life following surgery or medical intervention.
Our dedicated team of cardiologists is well-known for their expertise, knowledge and vast experience in their respective area, you can be sure we have your heart’s welfare at heart.